Lin Yao Liao. Bench. February 01st , 2018.
A second factor in bench design is appearance. It is important that a bench fits in with its surroundings. The reason for this is that a bench, which appears to be an extension of the property it sits next to, will help to give a proprietary feel to the street. This increases the likelihood that business owners will take care of the bench (and the street) that will, in turn, have a positive effect on safety and security in the area.
Benches retained their popularity as fitted seats in window alcoves, but in the 16th century they lost favour as freestanding pieces of furniture when chairs became more widely used. Upholstered versions were also made. Some of the most spectacular benches were made in the Spanish colonies in South America in the 17th century, notably in Cuzco, Peru, where benches bore enormous carved crestings and balustraded backs that were painted and gilded.
Although usually freestanding, settles were occasionally incorporated into the structure of a room, sometimes designed to fill a corner. By the 15th century they had become standard articles of furniture in inns and taverns, where they were usually provided with shelves protruding from the armrests, on which customers could rest their tankards. By the end of the 17th century, domestic versions had nailed-on leather upholstery, and for greater comfort the backrest was inclined. Surviving mainly in rural areas throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, settles became popular again with the historicizing movements in design during the early part of the 20th century, especially in the United States. A spindled variety resembling an extended Windsor chair was sometimes called a schoolmaster’s, or parson’s, bench.
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